The 2019 Beef Cow/Calf Improvement Seminar will take place on Saturday, January 19 at the Orange County Community Center (1075 N Sandy Hood Rd, Paoli, IN 47454) beginningat 9:30 AM and ending at 3:45 PM.The theme for this year’s seminar will focus on “Nutrition for the Cowherd.” This seminar will explore the nutritional needs of a cow as she progresses through her pregnancy, as well as different strategies to ensure a healthy herd.The day’s speakers have a wide range of expertise and will share their knowledge and experiences with nutritional management with cowherds. University of Missouri’s, Dr. Allison Meyer will kick off the morning with a focus on “Management Strategies for a Successful Calving Season”. Visiting from the University of Illinois, Travis Meteer, will share hisknowledge on “Overcoming the Challenges of Lush Forages” before the seminar attendees breakfor a catered lunch.Following lunch, Dr. Meyer will continue the seminar with her topic on “Developmental Programming: How Nutrition and Management During Pregnancy Impacts Calves Long-term”.Next, Dr. Patrick Gunn, representing Purina, will be discussing, “Nutritional Interactions with Reproduction in the Cowherd: Optimizing Resources and Maximizing Margins”.The final topic for the day will focus on “Observations of Extended Drylot Housing of Beef Cows” with Travis Meteer presenting again.Early registration on or before January 11 will cost $20. Students with paying advisors or parents will be $20 before or on January 11.All registrations received after January 11 will be$30. For a registration form or for additional information, please contact the Purdue Extension –Lawrence County Office at 812-275-4623 or email at [email protected]
As many folks were winding down the year getting ready for the holidays, House and Senate Republicans were busy passing sweeping tax reform, sending the legislation to President Trump last week. He signed the bill, and with it, delivered several wins to HR, employers and employees. Those include:Preservation of Employer-Provided Education Assistance (Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 127): Allows employees to exclude from income up to $5,250 of education assistance provided by their employer, at the undergraduate, graduate or certificate level, per year.Preservation of Qualified Tuition Reduction Programs (IRC Section 117): Allows institutions of education to provide their employees, spouses and children educational assistance tax-free.Preservation of Dependent Care Flexible Spending Accounts (IRC Section 129): Allows employees to contribute up to $5,000 per calendar year tax-free into an account utilized for child care spending.Preservation of Adoption Benefits: Allows employees to exclude from income adoption assistance provided by their employer up to $13,500 (indexed for inflation).Preservation of the Work Opportunity Tax Credit: Provides employers with a 40 percent tax credit for hiring individuals in certain targeted groups.Preservation of Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs): Allows certain individuals to contribute to an MSA, which is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account.Preservation of Catch-Up Provisions for High Earners: Allows individuals making more than $500,000 annually to make catch-up provisions to 401(k), 403(b) and 457 plans.While the tax treatment of the provisions mentioned above won’t be changing – if your workplace currently offers moving, transit or biking benefits or meals and an onsite gym – be prepared – the tax treatment will be changing effective December 31, 2017. These benefits are no longer a deductible business expense for companies. While employees won’t pay tax on employer-provided meals, gyms or transit benefits, they will have to include moving benefits and biking subsidies in their taxable income.Sound like a lot to digest? Check out SHRM’s comparison chart or HRNews Article that details all relevant provisions.
Border with the trophyIt was a near-perfect script – until somebody changed the ending. That somebody turned out to be the monolithic Mike Gatting and his co-author, the aggressive Aussie, Allan Border. Thanks to them, what the just-concluded Reliance World Cup finally ended up putting on display was the most,Border with the trophyIt was a near-perfect script – until somebody changed the ending. That somebody turned out to be the monolithic Mike Gatting and his co-author, the aggressive Aussie, Allan Border. Thanks to them, what the just-concluded Reliance World Cup finally ended up putting on display was the most audacious cricketing coup of the decade.By earning ownership of the glittering, diamond-encrusted trophy – one-day cricket’s Holy Grail – in an anticlimactic, snatch-and-grab final at Calcutta’s Eden Gardens last fortnight, Border and his unfancied Australian cobbers fashioned a more momentous upset than India, the title holders, had accomplished four years ago at Lords.In the end, it was no sneak punch that floored the tournament favourites and co-hosts, Pakistan and India, but a tough and timely lesson in the requirements and restrictions of the one-day game. Both the finalists, England and Australia, rank outsiders when the tournament got underway, booked their passage to Calcutta by cutting out the frills and sticking strictly to percentage cricket. En route, they showed the over-confident Indian and Pakistan sides exactly what professionalism is all about.In retrospect, it was not the better sides that showed up at Eden Gardens, but the ones that adapted to their limitations, worked harder at the game and handled the pressure with a greater degree of confidence. Even the sudden sag in subcontinental spectator interest when both India and Pakistan crashed out of the tournament failed to rob the finals of its pulsations and prestige. Eden Gardens, and Calcutta, may have got itself all prettied up for an Indo-Pakistan party, but their replacements were clearly the more deserving candidates.advertisementThe Australians on their victory lap at Eden GardensFor the inscrutable Allan Border (Reliance folklore has it that the only time anyone saw him smile was after the last ball had been bowled at Eden Gardens), winning the World Cup is a tremendous tribute to his tenacity and his positive, never-say-die attitude. Albeit in a limited sense, he has single-handedly pulled Australian cricket out of the kind of depths it has never plumbed before, and in the face of seemingly unsurmountable odds.Saddled with a side sorely lacking in experience and confidence, last fortnight’s triumph is just the kind of morale-boosting tonic that Australian cricket required. “It’s been worth the struggle. All that hard work has finally paid off. When we arrived, we gave ourselves an outside chance of reaching the semis. But after the win at Lahore (against Pakistan), I really started believing we could be world champions,” he said, adding with justifiable pride: “A new era has begun in Australian cricket.”Though Australia owed much of its success to its opening bats, the bull-like David Boon and the more elegant Geoff Marsh, eventually it was a team effort with almost everybody making valuable contributions when it mattered. Craig McDermott (with 18 wickets, the highest wicket-taker in the Reliance Cup), Dean Jones, Mike Veletta, Bruce Keid, Simon O’Donnell and Stephen Waugh all pitched in at crucial stages of the tournament.Says former Pakistan captain Asif Iqbal: “It was sheer hard work and perseverence that made the Aussies worthy champions.” By losing just one match (against India) out of the eight they featured in, Border’s underdogs proved convincingly that individual talent matters less than collective responsibility in a competition of this nature.Which is precisely why England, easily the most professional side in the Reliance Cup, made it to Eden Gardens as well. Graham Gooch – as millions of hang-dog Indian fans will testify – was the outstanding player of the tournament, with the highest individual cumulative score (471 runs in eight innings) and three man-of-the-match awards. But it was their cool-headedness under pressure and the collective effort they threw into every game that ensured England’s entry into the finals.Man of the finals, David Boon, hits heavenwardsGraham Gooch employing his sweep shot at BombaySunil Gavaskar’s final innings ends in disasterImran Khan also ends his career in ignominyIn fact, despite losing two matches out of seven in their run-up to the finals, Mike Gatting’s team had come through a much tougher group and were heavily tipped to win at Calcutta.Eventually, just seven runs marked the difference between the new World Champions and the runners-up. “Full marks to Australia,” acknowledged Gatting, “they were the better side on the day it counted.”For pre-tournament favourites, India and Pakistan, the fact that the only representatives from the subcontinent on the Eden Gardens pitch were the two officiating umpires, was the ultimate irony. The ironies did not end there. India lost its first match and then reeled off five successive wins to storm into the semis. Pakistan hit the Reliance ground running with five successive victories before losing their final group encounter.advertisementBoth wound up playing the semi-finals in ideal conditions – on home grounds backed by their highly-vociferous supporters. Both teams wound up batting second, got within grabbing distance of the target and then cracked under pressure. Experts on both sides blame crucial captaincy lapses – Imran for allowing the less-accomplished Salim Jafter to bowl the last, decisively expensive over, and Kapil for playing the horrendously irresponsible shot that cost his wicket and eventually the match.As former Indian captain Ajit Wadekar commented after India’s semi-final defeat in Bombay: “I really thought was watching a replay of the semi-final at the Gaddafi stadium in Lahore.”For Imran Khan, playing in his final international series for Pakistan in his hometown of Lahore, the defeat marked an inglorious end to a glorious career as one of the world’s outstanding all-rounders – and captains. As in India’s case, it was the fatal mixture of over-confidence and excessive expectations from hysterical fans that plotted Pakistan’s downfall.At Lahore’s jam-packed Gaddafi stadium, the cries of Allah-ho-Akbar from, the crowds were as much a plea for divine intervention as a requiem for the country’s cricketing eclipse. Now, especially with Imran out of the scene. Pakistani cricket will take a long time to recover from the double-demoralisation. The huge banners in the hyperactive ladies’ stand at Gaddafi stadium that read: “Imran, we’ll miss you,” carried more meaning than intended.England’s Allan Lamb exits in CalcuttaAustralia’s Bruce Reid throws everything into his bowlingKapil Dev’s stroke that may have cost India the matchNavjot Singh Sidhu in full flow, the only find of the tournamentThe extent of the subcontinental similarity is bizarre. For India, the Reliance Cup was also Sunil Gavaskar’s swan song. Like Imran, Gavaskar has been the most outstanding player in the side and his abject failure at Bombay, his hometown, was as unfortunate an end to a brilliant career as Imran’s.Gavaskar did succeed in achieving one goal that has eluded him so far – a century in one-day cricket – but it was ultimately a case of flattering only to deceive, symbolic of the entire Indian team’s inexplicable performance in the do-or-die match at Bombay’s Wankhede stadium.On the morning of the match, former West Indian skipper Clive Lloyd, one of the shrewdest and most successful captains in one-day cricket, predicted : “It’s a wide open game. One mistake and either of the combatants can go down. This is where professionalism comes in. Ultimately, it will boil down to which side makes the least number of mistakes.”For the 60,000 over-eager spectators who thronged the stadium, and the millions gummed to their television sets, it was obvious that all the mistakes were trademarked ‘made in India’. First, Kapil won the toss and deceived by the overcast skies, put England in to bat when the Reliance Cup averages had shown that the side batting first invariably held the high cards.advertisementThen, Gooch literally swept the Indians off their feet with a superb man-of-the-match century. Though most of Gooch’s runs came from the sweep shot, Kapil inexplicably only had one man posted at long leg for the major part of his innings. Gooch eventually racked up just under half the total English score.The manner of India’s subsequent, and surprisingly tame, surrender has triggered off what promises to be the longest and most hotly-disputed postmortem in Indian cricketing history. Without diluting the effort of England’s bowlers, the (indisputable fact is that what was on display was a fatally familiar sight – the vulnerability of India’s batting line-up, considered the most formidable in the tournament, to high-grade pressure.It was precisely because of that pressure that the Indian spinners, Maninder Singh and Ravi Shastri, were unable to counter the tactics employed by Gooch. In sharp contrast, it was their English counterparts, Hemmings and Emburey, who turned the tide in Gatting’s way. The immortal advertising slogan, “When the going gets tough, the tough get going,” could have been coined for the occasion.Javed Miandad in trouble in the Lahore semi-finalThe absence of vice-captain Dilip Vengsarkar, one of the coolest heads in the Indian side, had already cast an ominous shadow over India’s fortunes, though the target was well within the available talent. Panic, however, was a factor nobody had taken into consideration. Gatting himself singled out Kapil’s dismissal as the turning point in the match.”It was a fairly silly shot to hit” he said in a typically British understatement. Though the others, Srikanth, Shastri, Sidhu, Pandit, Sharma and More, can apportion the blame among themselves for not keeping their heads, as the situation clearly dictated, the award for the most irresponsible shot of the tournament had only one contender – Indian Captain Kapil Dev.As West Indian Captain Vivian Richards observed: “That was the main difference, the way the English players kept their cool and the kind of shot Kapil played. This kind of cricket is also a mind game.” Kapil defended himself by claiming that he wanted to bring the target run rate down for the later batsmen. “It was just one of those things,” he shrugged. It was one of those things that spelled the difference between winning and losing.Already, if somewhat inevitably, the country’s vast cricketing public is ascribing dubious reasons for India’s shallow surrender. Gavaskar’s much-publicised pledge to never play in Calcutta again is the least of the evils circulating on the cocktail circuit. The one that has literally gained the most currency is that the Indian team was paid off by a betting syndicate.Though ridiculous to an extreme, Kapil’s Devils (now being pronounced without the ‘D’) can draw scant consolation from the fact that much the same charge is being levelled against Imran and his side in Pakistan. A defeat in unadulterated view of home crowds is a pill that Indian cricket crowds find impossible to ingest.Yet, it is probably those very same crowds who are ultimately to blame for India’s under-par performance. The subcontinental cricket craze has developed one fatal flaw – it separates cricketers from their mortal moorings, pumps them with pomp and property and then turns around and demands a price they are often unable to pay.One electronics firm, overcome by the excitement, pledged enormous sums of money to the Indian team for scoring sixes and boundaries – another reason being advanced for India’s eventual failure.A section of the crowd at BangaloreBut as the Indian side learnt to their cost, there are no free lunches in cricket. The contrast in consistency was obvious. Three Australians, Marsh (428), Boon (447) and Dean Jones (349) crossed the 300-run mark.Of the eight bowlers who got more than 10 wickets, four featured in the finals. In seven Reliance Cup innings, only one Indian batsman, Gavaskar, reached 300 runs. By the same token, only one Indian bowler, Maninder Singh, got more than 10 wickets.Now, with Gavaskar’s exit into the wings, the long hard road to rehabilitation will once again have to be negotiated. Kapil despite his indiscretions, is not in any great danger of losing his captaincy for the immediate series against the West Indies, but the pressure on him now will be remorseless. The only find of the tournament is Navjot Singh Sidhu – if no miracles are expected from him each time he ambles to the crease.The biggest disappointment in the Indian side has been Ravi Shastri. Despite his recent stint in English county cricket, Shastri showed that he still lacks the necessary maturity. Chetan Sharma is useful when the pressure is off and a liability when it is on. Prabhakar’s performance gave no great cause for rejoicing either, which still leaves a large question mark over the Indian bowling attack.There are also dangerous signs of a revival of the age-old malady of Indian cricket – dissension in the ranks. It is no secret that relations between Kapil and vice-captain Dilip Vengsarkar are running rather ragged and the resultant loss of team cohesion is obvious. Perhaps a little more stick and a few less carrots is the diet that could help trim the team.But eventually, the real winners of the Reliance Cup was cricket – and the magnificent crowds at Eden Gardens. As former England captain Tony Lewis said: “The people of Calcutta have won and both India and Pakistan have succeeded. But above all, cricket has come out on top. India and Pakistan can relax – the 1987 World Cup was a raging success.”Despite the earlier misgivings, the organisational and cricketing success of the Reliance Cup was a major coup for the subcontinent. Says New Zealand skipper Jeff Crowe: “Ft has been a fantastic-experience. Those responsible for conducting this tournament have done a great job.” Adds Richards: “The Reliance Cup has been a wonderful event for the subcontinent. The organisation has been good and it doesn’t seem like a bad idea at all to have moved the tournament out of England.”In the end, the Reliance Cup really belonged to the organisers and the sponsors who made it possible. “Like all Indians, I was disappointed that we didn’t make it to the finals, but it has been worth every penny,” says Anil Ambani, executive director of Reliance Industries, the company that sponsored the event.The teams line up at the start of the seriesAdds I.S. Bindra, convenor of the Reliance Cup Organising Committee: “The tournament exceeded even our own expectations. Despite the fact that neither India nor Pakistan figured in the finals, the atmosphere at Calcutta was fantastic and the setting absolutely superb. The Reliance Cup can justifiably be called a historic success.”The fireworks that exploded over Calcutta’s skies last fortnight may not have been matched by those on field but what was on display was the ultimate test of cricketing abilities. It was, somehow, a fitting finale that the two countries that taught cricket to the rest of the world should have starred in the final credits. The best team may not have won but cricket did, and that is compensation enough.
Credit: Eun-Ha Choi and Santokh Singh. “Statistical Assessment of the Glare Issue – Human and Natural Elements” Explore further (Phys.org)—Imagine how jarring the experience can be—blinding light that becomes a visual impairment to the point where the driver cannot manage to drive correctly. In a study titled “Statistical Assessment of the Glare Issue – Human and Natural Elements,” Eun-Ha Choi and Santokh Singh wrote that, whether it comes from headlamps or sunlight, the effect of glare affects driving performance. “The challenge for vehicle manufacturers and regulators is to provide the driver with a reasonable level of protection from glare. Empirical research is necessary in order to address this issue,” they said. © 2013 Phys.org Citation: Vibrating steering wheel may rescue driver from blinding glare (2013, January 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-01-vibrating-wheel-driver-glare.html Vibrating steering wheel guides drivers while keeping their eyes on the road More information: Research paper (PDF): www.fcsm.gov/05papers/Choi_Singh_IVA.pdfvia Newscientist Recent research indicates scientists continue to focus on the challenge of coming up with ways to combat the problem of glare. A vibrating steering wheel prototype might prevent an accident that could easily result. Eelke Folmer, an associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Nevada in Reno, and Burkay Sucu are the researchers behind a vibrating wheel designed to steer drivers back on a safe path when glare prevents them from safely steering their own vehicles. Aware that temporary blindness from unexpected light, such as the glare in winter or any other type, can lead to accidents, they wanted to provide a solution that could get drivers to proceed safely through tactile cues. They tested their wheel on 12 volunteers in a simulator.How it works: GPS and lane-keeping cameras map the road ahead. When the sensors identify the driver as drifting from the lane, a vibro-tactile system buzzes. Vibrations are tuned to a frequency sensitive to human skin, to 275 hertz. According to their construct, for example, if a driver drifted left, the left side of the wheel would vibrate. The vibration coming from the left side of the wheel would instruct the driver to steer right. In steering right, the vibration would stop. Using touch for correcting a driver’s lane position is nothing new, however. Last year, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and AT&T Labs also showed a vibrating steering wheel concept for providing the right directions and keeping a driver safe on the road. Last year, Ford showed off its Fusion 2013 at the Detroit Auto show, and among its features was a steering-wheel vibration to warn the driver if the car was drifting too close to lane markings.While haptic steering wheels are nothing new, the Folmer-Suku prototype, according to the two researchers, bears distinctions.”Existing haptic automotive interfaces typically indicate when and in which direction to steer, but they don’t convey how much to steer, as a driver typically determines this using visual feedback,” they stated.Their haptic interface involves an intelligent vehicle position system to indicate when, in which direction and how far to steer, in support of steering without any visual feedback. “Our interface may improve driving safety when a driver is temporarily blinded, for example, due to glare or fog.” Their paper, “Haptic Interface for Non-Visual Steering,” has been accepted for the International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, scheduled for March 19 to22 in Santa Monica, California. According to the paper, Folmer and Sucu performed three user studies. “The first study tries to understand driving using visual feedback, the second study evaluates two different haptic encoding mechanisms with no visual feedback present, and a third study evaluates the supplement effect of haptic feedback when used with visual feedback.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.