Football Talk: Celtic’s award, Forrester’s Rangers hope

first_imgUndefeated in 60 domestic matches, top of the Premiership and into the League Cup final, the Celtic support have hardly been short of reasons to be cheerful this year.Now the Hoops’ fans have got in on the act after they were voted Best Fans by FIFA on Monday night.On the other side of Glasgow the fallout from Rangers’ League Cup semi-final defeat dominates the back pages, with Pedro Caixinha venting his fury at his under-achieving players in the aftermath of the 2-0 defeat to Motherwell.One of the men shunted through the exit door during the Portuguese coaches’ summer upheaval, Harry Forrester, has let it be known his is a return ticket and he intends to battle for a spot at Ibrox next season. Elsewhere, the talk is of empty seats and still-to-be-put-in seats. The SPFL will hold talks with Celtic and Motherwell ahead of the League Cup final after clubs missed out on £250,000 due to seats remaining unfilled, while Hearts have announced further delays to the new Tynecastle Park.last_img read more

Mosquito screening found to be useful for tracking recurrence of lymphatic filariasis

first_img Source: Jul 27 2018To ensure elimination of the Wuchereria bancrofti, a parasitic roundworm that causes lymphatic filariasis, public health workers must follow up mass drug administration with careful monitoring for recurrence. To that end, a study published this week in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases analyzes the effectiveness of mosquito screening as a tool to gauge parasite presence. Related StoriesMachine learning identifies bugs that spread Chagas diseaseGM fungus kills 99% of mosquitoes in Malaria-endemic region of AfricaNitrogen-rich diet reduces mosquitoes’ ability to transmit ZikaThe parasitic nematode worm W. bancrofti, spread by mosquitos, is the major cause of lymphatic filariasis (LF), which can cause elephantiasis— severe swelling of the extremities. Since 2000, the World Health Organization has undertaken a global program to eliminate LF, which revolves around mass drug administrations to treat entire populations for the parasite. Currently, monitoring efforts post-drug administration include regular testing for the presence of antibodies among adult humans.In the new work, Seth Irish, of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and colleagues collected mosquitos from 180 traps sites in each of two areas of Bangladesh—one which was previously endemic for LF and the other non-endemic. Using real-time PCR, they conducted molecular xenomonitoring (MX) on the insects to detect any W. bancrofti DNA.A total of 24,436 mosquitos were collected, and 10,344 (41%) were Culex quinquefasciatus, the mosquito which transmits W. bancrofti in Bangladesh. None of the 594 pools of mosquitos collected during the study period tested positive for W. bancrofti DNA, correlating with the results of surveys that had been carried out in the human population to track any reemergence of LF.“The practical application of xenomonitoring activities is worthy of discussion,” the researchers say. “Further operational research and information sharing about how to programmatically simplify and standardize MX evaluations will also make these evaluations more accessible to a larger number of LF endemic countries entering the post-elimination validation period.”center_img A gravid trap collection bag is inspected by an entomologist during the xenomonitoring study in Bangladesh. Credit: Irish, et al. 2018 (CC BY 4.0)last_img read more